Climate risk country sheet – Mongolia – Mongolia
This profile is intended to serve as a public good to facilitate upstream national diagnostics, policy dialogue and strategic planning by providing comprehensive overviews of trends and projected changes in key climate parameters, sectoral implications, relevant policies and programs , adaptation priorities and opportunities for further action. Mongolia is a landlocked country in East Asia characterized by unique ecosystems and cultures. Agriculture’s contribution to the Mongolian economy has declined in recent years, constituting 12% of GDP, compared to 50% for the service sector. Historic global warming is believed to have occurred at some of the fastest rates in the world in Mongolia, and other changes in climate dynamics are already having a significant impact on lives and livelihoods. In response, Mongolia has engaged closely in international efforts to mitigate climate change and its impacts.
This profile provides a number of key messages regarding the future of climate risk for Mongolia, including:
- Mongolia has already experienced significant climate change, with warming of more than 2°C and rainfall decreases reported between 1940 and 2015.
- The intensity of extreme climatic hazards, including heat waves, droughts and river floods, is expected to increase.
- Without concerted disaster risk reduction efforts and support for communities to adapt, Mongolia’s poorest communities face massive damage and loss.
- It is worth focusing on the interaction between climate change and current development trends in Mongolia, unplanned development in flood prone areas and air pollution issues could interact with climate change to increase the health risks and inequalities.