Billboard Year-End Hot chart for For detailed information on how Billboard compiled the charts, see the Wikipedia article " Billboard Hot ". Top s Songs. Happy - Pharrell Williams 2. All of Me - John Legend 4. Counting Stars - OneRepublic 6. Talk Dirty - Jason Derulo featuring 2 Chainz 7.
Beethoven is a singularity in the history of art—a phenomenon of dazzling and disconcerting force. He not only left his mark on all subsequent composers but also molded entire institutions. The art of conducting emerged in his wake. The modern piano bears the imprint of his demand for a more resonant and flexible instrument. LP, in , contained the Fifth Symphony, and the duration of first-generation compact disks was fixed at seventy-five minutes so that the Ninth Symphony could unfurl without interruption. After Beethoven, the concert hall came to be seen not as a venue for diverse, meandering entertainments but as an austere memorial to artistic majesty. Listening underwent a fundamental change. Above all, Beethoven shaped the identity of what came to be known as classical music. In the course of the nineteenth century, dead composers began to crowd out the living on concert programs, and a canon of masterpieces materialized, with Beethoven front and center. As the scholar William Weber has established, this fetishizing of the past can be tracked with mathematical precision, as a rising line on a graph: in Leipzig, the percentage of works by deceased composers went from eleven per cent in to seventy-six per cent in